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Ex Lihris. 



As is it was Found 

In the Year 1741. 

Illustrations of SCRIBLERUS, 



Reprinted by and forGEORG2FAiri.KNER 




WE apprehend it can be deemed no Ltjury 
to the Author of the Three firft Books 
of the Dunciad, that we publijh this Fourth. 
It was found merely by Accident^ in taking a 
Survey of the Library of a late eminent Noble-- 
man 5 but in fo blotted a condition^ and in fo 
man") detached pieces^ as plainly fhewed it to be 
not only incorred: but untinifhed : That the 
Author of the three firft Books had a defign to 
extend and complete his Poem in this mamier 
appears from the Differtation prefixt to it^ where 
it is faid^ that the Defign is more extenfive, 
and that we may expedl other Epifodes tq 
complete it : And from the Declaration in the 
Argument to the third Book^ that the Accom^ 
pHlhment of the Prophecies therein, would be 
the Theme hereafter of a Greater Dunciad. 
But whether or no he be the Author of this^ we 
declare ourfehes ignorant. If he be^ we are nQ 
A a 

To the Reader. 

more to be blamed for the Publication of it^ than 
Tucca and Varius for that of the laft fx books of 
the iEneid, tho' perhaps inferior to the former. 

If any p erf on be pojfefjed of a more perfeSi Copy 
of this Work^ or of any other Fragments of it^ 
and will commujiicate them to the Ptiblifer^ we 
foall m-ake the next Edition more complete : In 
whichy we alfo promife to infert any Criticifms 
that Jhall be publifhed^ if at all to the purpofe^ 
with the Names of the Authors \ or any Letters 
fent us (tho' not to the purpofe) jhall yet be 
printed under the Title of Epiflol^s Obfcurorum 
Virorum ; whichy together with forae others of 
the fame kind (formerly laid by for that pur- 
pofe ) may make no unpleafant Addition to the 
future hnpreffions of this Poem. 

T H E 


Book the Fourth. 

THE Poet being, in this Book, to declare 
the Completion of the Prophecies menti- 
on'd at the end of the former, makes 
^ ntvf Invocation^ (as the greater Poets are wont, 
when fome high and worthy matter is to be 
fung.) He Oiows theGoddefs coming in her 
Majefty to deilroy Order and Science^ and to 
fubftitute the Kingdom of the Dull upon earth. 
How fhe leads captive the Sciences^ and Ulenceth 
the Mtifes ; and what they be who fucceed in 
their Head. All her children, by a wonderRil 
attra6lion, are drawn about her ; and bear along 
with them alfo divers others, wlio promote her 
Empire by connivance, weak refinance, or dif- 
couragement of Arts ^ fach as Half wits, tafte- 
lefs Admirers, vain Pretenders, the Flatterers 
of dunces, or the Patrons of them. Allthefe 
crowd round her : one of them offering to ap- 
proach her, is driven back by a Rival, but (he 

A 3 


commends and encourages both. The firfl 
who fpeak in form are the Genius's of the Schools, 
who affiire her of their care to advance her 
Caufe, by confining Youth to words, and keep- 
ing them out of the way of real Knowledge. 
Their Addrefs, and her gracious Anfwer; 
with her Charge to them and the Univerfities. 
The Unherfities appear by their proper Depu- 
ties, and affure her that the fame method is 
obferved in the progrefs of Education : The 
ipeech of Arifiarchus on this fubjed:. They 
are driven off by a band of young Gentlemen, 
return'd from "Travel with their 'Tutors 3 one 
of whom delivers to the Goddefs, in a polite 
oration, an account of the whole Condud and 
Fruits of their Travels : prefenting to her at 
the fame time a young Nobleman perfedly ac- 
compliflied. She receives him gracioufly, and 
indues him with the happy quality of Wa?2f of 
Shafne. She fees loitering about her a number 
of Indolent Ferjons abandoning all bufinefs and 
duty, and dying with lazinefs ; to whom ap- 
proaches the Antiquary AuJtius, intreating her 
to make them Virtuofos and affign them over 
to him: But Mummiiis, another Antiquary, 
complaining of his fraudulent proceeding, flie 
finds a method to reconcile their diflference. 
Then enter a troop of people fantaftically a- 

The Argument. 

dorn'd, offering her ftrange and exotic prefents : 
Amongft them, one Hands forth and demands 
juftice on another, who had deprived him of 
one of the greateft Curiofities in nature : but 
he juftifies himfelf fo well, that the Goddefs 
gives them both her approbation. She recom- 
mends to them to find proper employment for 
the Indolents before-mention'd, in the ftudy of 
Butterflies, Shells, Birds-nefls, Mofs, &c. 
but with particular caution, not to proceed 
beyond Trifes^ to any ufeful or extenfive views 
of Nature, or of the Author of Nature. 
Again ft the laft of thefe apprehenfions, fhe is 
fecur'd by a hearty Addrefs from the Minute 
Philofcfhers and Free-thinkers^ one of whom 
fpeaks in the Name of the reft. The Youth 
thus inftrud:ed and principled, are delivered to 
her in a body by the hands of Silenus ; and 
then admitted to tafte the Cup of the Magus 
her High Prieft, which caufes a total oblivion 
of all Obligations, divine, civil, moral or ra- 
tional. To thefe her Adepts ftie fends Priejls^ 
Attendants^ and Comforters^ of various kinds ; 
then confers on them Orders and Degrees ; 
and finally difmifling them with a fpeech, 
confirms to each hisPrm/fg*^^, warns 0/^^ in par- 
ticular not to exceed them, and concludes with 
a Tawn of extraordinary virtue, the effeds of 
which are not unfelt at this dav. 


D U N C I A 

Book the Fourth. 

ET, yet a moment, one dim Ray of 

Indulge, dread Chaos and eternal 
^ Night ! 

Of Darknefs vifible fo much be lent^ 
As half to Ihow, half veil rhe deep Intent. 


The DuNciAD, Book IV.] This Book may properly be di- 
flinguiftied from the former by the Name of the Greati^r 
DuNciAD, not fo indeed in Size, but in Subjeft ; and fo tar 
contrary to the diftindlion antiently made of the Greater and 
Lejfer Iliad. But much are they miftaken who im?!gine this 
Work in any wife inferior to the former, or of any other Hand 
than of our Poet ; of which I am much more certain, than 
that the Iliad itfelf was the Work of Solomon^ or the Ba- 
trachontuofnachia of Horner^ as the learned Barnes hath affirmed. 
Nor is it imperfed: or incorreft, fave in fome few Places, which 
we fn all remark. Scribl. 

Verse 2. — dread Chaos and eternal Night /] Invoked, as the 
Reftoration of their Empire is the Adlion of the Poem, refer- 
ring to the Prophecy in Verfe 338 of the third Book ; 

She comes, the Cloud-compelling Po^\, behold I 

With Night prim^^al, and ^ith Chaos old, Ssfr. 

Vrrse I. &c.} This is an Invocation of much Piety. Tlie 
Poet willing to approve himfelf a genuine Son, beginneth by 


The DuNCiAD. 

Book IV. 

Ye Powers ! whofe Myfteries reftorM I fing, 5 
To whom Time bears me on his rapid wing, 
Sufpend a while your Force inertly ftrong, 
The!n rake at once the Poet and the Song. 

'Twas when the Dog-ftar*s unpropitious ray 
Smote cv'ry Brain^ and withered ev'ry Bay ; 10 
Sick was the Sun, the Owl tbrfook his bow'r, 
The moon-ftruck Prophet fek the madding hour : 


fiiewing (what is ever agreeable to Dutnefs) his high Refpefl for 
Antiquity and a Great Family^ how dull, or dark foever : next 
declareth his iove for Myjhry and Ohfcurlty ; and laftly his Im- 
patience to be re-united to her. Scribl. 

Verse 4. half fa Jho^y half ^^eil, the deep Intent.'] This 

is a great propriety, for a dull Poet cnn never efxprefs himfelf 
ctherwife than by halves or iniperfe6lly. There are fome, I 
know, who underlland it very differently ; as if the Author in 
this Work had indeed a deep intent., that there were in it M'^fte- 
ries or airn^rsyj-ocy which he dorft not fully reveal, and that in di- 
vers verfes (according to Milton ) 

more is meant than meets the ear. 

Ver e 6. ^jhom Time hears me on his rapid ^ing^ Fair 
and foftly, good Poet I (cries the gentle Scrihlerus on this place) 
For fare in fpite of this unufual niodei!y, he fhall not travel fo 
fait toward Oblivion, as divers others of more Confidence have 
done ; For Vvhen I revolve in my mind the Catalogue of thofe 
who have the moil boldly promifed to themfelves Immortality, 
1//%. Flndar^ Luis Gongora^ Ronfard, Oldham^ [Lyrkks,] and 
Lycophyon, Statizis, Camoens, Chapman, Blackmore, [Heroicks,] I 
find the one half to be already dead, and the othei^ in utter da vk- 
nefs. Rut it becometh not us, who have taken upon us the of- 
fice of Confimentator, to fuffer our Poet thus prodigally to caft 
away his Life : contrary-wife the more hidden and abftruie is 
his v/ork, and the more remote its beauties from common Un- 
dcrftandin^, the more is it our duty to draw forth and exalt 
the fame, in the face of Men and Angels. Herein lhall we 
kniuiCe the lai'dable Spirit of thofe, who have (for this very 
reafon) delighied to comment on the Fragments of dark and un- 
couth Authors, preferred Ennius to Virgil and chofen to give 
light to Lycophroiiy rather than to hold a candle to Homer. Scribl. 

Verse 7. Tor ce inertly ftrong^^ Alluding to the Vis inertue 

Book IV. The Du NCI AD. ii 

Then rofe the Seed of Chaos, and of Night, 
To blot out Order, and extinguilh Light, 
Of dull and venal a new World to mold, 15 
And bring Saturnian days of Lead and Gold, 

She mounts the Throne : her head a Cloud conceaPd, 
In broad Effulgence all below revealed, 
CTk thus afpiring Dulnefs ever fliincs,) 
Soft on her lap the Laureat fon reclines, 20 

of Matter, which tho* it really has no Power, is yet the Foun* 
dation of all its Qualities and Attributes. 

Verse 14. To hlot out Order, ^nd extingtii/h Light.] The two 
great Ends of her MifTion ; the one in quality of Daughter of 
Chaos^ the other as Daughter of Night. Order here is to be 
underitood exteniively, both as Civil and Moral, the diftindions 
between high and low in Society, and true and falfein Inviduals : 
Light as Intelleftual only, Wit, Science, Arts. 

Verse 15. Of dull and ^£?ml.'] The Allegory continued : dull 
referring to the extindion of Light or Science, <v€nai to the de- 
ftru6lion of Order, or the Truth of Things. 

V. 15. — a nenx) World!] In allufion to the Epicurean opinion, 
that from the Diilolution of the prefent World into Night and 
Chaos, a new one fhould arife, which the Poet makes to par- 
take of its original Principles. 

Verse 16. Lead Gold.] i. e. dull and venal. 

Verrse 17. her Head a Cloud conceaPdy 

In broad Effulgence all below re^eaPd. 

It v/as the opinion of the Ancients, that the Divinities mani- 
felled themfelves to Men by th^'n Back parts yYixg, Mn. i. 

— — y aver tens, rofea cer'vice refulfit. 
But this palTage may admit of a more modern Expofition, by 
the Adage, i)is(}?c IPOU ctitlib, tl)e rtlo;e |?ou i^cm 

gour 21 • Verify'd, in no Inflance more than Dulnefs 

afpiring : emblematized alfo by an Ape climbing and expofmg 
his Pofteriors. ^ Scr.ibl. 

Y^KSE 20. — her Laureate fon reclines^ With great judge- 
ment is it imagined by the Poet, that fuch a Collegue as Dulnefs 
had eleded, fhould Heep on the Throne, and have very little 
fhare in the Adion of the Poem : accordingly he hath done 
little or pothing from the day of his Anointing, having paft 


The Dun c IAD, 

Book IV. 

Beneath her footfloo!, Science groans in Chaii.s, 
And Wit dreads Exile, Penalties and Pains. 
There foam'd rebellious Logic, g^gg*d and bounds 
There ftript, fair Rhetoric languiftiM on the ground. 
His blunted Arms by Sophiftry are born, 25 
And fliamelefs Billinfgate her Robes adorn. 
Morality, by her falfe Guardians drawn, 
Chicane in Furs, and Cafuiftry in Lawn, 
Gafps, as they ftraiten at each end the Cord, 
And dies, when Dulnefs gives her Page the word. 3a 


thro' the fecond book without taking part in whate\'er was 
tranfacled about him, and thro* the third in profound Sleep. 
Nor ought this, well conlidered, to feern ftrange in our days^- 
when fo many Kbig-Conforts have done the like. Scribl. 

Verse id—— her Laureate^ " Wlien I find my Name in the 
" Satyrical works of this Poet, I never look upon it as 

any malice m«ant to me, but Profit to Himself, For he 

confiders t\\?t my Face is more knouon than moll in the nati-. 
" on ; and therefore a Lick at the Laureate will always be a 

fure bait ad captanduni ^ulgus^ to catch little readers. Life 
of C. C. Chap. 2 . 

Now if it be certain, that the works of our Poet have owed 
their fucccfs to this ingenious Expedient, we hence derive an 
unanfwerable Argument, that this Dukciad as well as the for- 
mer hath had the Author's laft Hand, and was by him intended 
for the Prefs : Or elfe to what purpofe hath he crowned it, as 
we fee, by this finifl-iing Stroke the profitable Lick at the Lau- 
reate ? Scribl. 

Verse 21, 22. Beneath her Feotftool^ &c.] We are next pre- 
fented with the Pidures of thofe whom the Goddefs leads in 
Captivity. Science is only depreffed and confined, fo as to be ren- 
dred ufelefs ; but VV it or Genius, as a more dangerous and a6live 
Enemy, punifhed, or driven away : Dulnefs being often recon- 
cii'd in fome degree with Learning, but never upon any terms 
with Wit. And accordingly it will be feen, that fhe admits 
fom.ething like each Science, in its room, for the better Advance- 
ment of her Empire. 

Verse 30. — gi^es her Page the Word'] Her Page, to wit 
ker Mute ; alluding to the cuiiom of ilrangling Stat^Criminals 

Book IV. The D u n c i a d. 13 

Mad Mathefis alone was unconfin'd. 

Too mad for mere material chains to bind. 

Now to pure Space lifts her extatic Stare, 

Now running round the Circle, finds it fquare. 

But held in tenfold bonds the Mufes lye, 35 

Watch'd both by Envy's and by Flattery's eye: 

Oft to her heart fad Tragedy addreft 

The Dagger wont to pierce the Tyrant's breaft ; 

Oft her gay Sifter's life and fpirit fled 

But Hiftory and Satire held their head : 40 

Nor cou'd'ft thou, Chefterfield ! a tear refute. 

Thou wept'ft, and wkh thee wept each gentle Mufe ! 

in Tariff by Mutes or Pages. A practice more decent than that 
of our Pages, who before they hang any Perfon, load him with 
reproachful language. Scribl, 

Ve rse 3 1 „ Mad Mathefis.] Alluding to the ftrange Conclufi- 
ons fome Mathematicians have deduced, from their principles 
of the rea/ ^antity of Matter, the Reality of Space, Sec. 

Verse ,3. — pure Space.'] i. e. pure and defalcated from the 

Verse 34. — running round the Circle find it fquare'] Regards 
the wild and fruitlefs attempts fquaring the Circle. 

Verse 3 . Watch' d hothby Envy's and by FlattVy's Eye7\ One 
of the Misfortunes falling on Authors, from the for fub- 
jeding Tlays to the power of a Licenfer, being the falfe reprefen- 
rations to which they were expos'd, from fuch as either grati- 
fy 'd their Envy to iVIerit, or made their Court to Greatnefs, by 
perverting general Reileclioiis againft Vice into Libels on parti- 
cular Perfons. 

Verse 40. But Hiftory Satire.] Hiftory holds up the 

head of Tragedy, Satire of Comedy, as their afiiftants in the 
difcharge of their diftind fundions : the one in high life record- 
ing the crimes and panifhments of the great, the other in low, 
expofing the vices or follies of the ccmmon people. 

Verse 41. Nor could' Jl thou, &c.] This Noble perfon in thf; 
year 1737, whe^n the ad aforefaid was brought into the Houfs 
of Lords, oppoied it in an excellent fpeech (fays Mr. Cihhr) 

with a lively fpirit, and unconrmon eloquenee," This fpee-ck 

14 The Du NCI AD. Book IV, 

When lo! a Harlot form foft-diding by. 

With mincing ftep, fm^U voice, and languid eye ; 

Foreign her air, her robe's difcordant pride 45 

In patch-work fluttering, and her head afide : 

By finging Peers up held on either hand. 

She tripp'd and laugh'd, too pretty much to ftand, 

Caft on the proflrate Nine a fcornful look. 

Then thus in quaint Recitativo fpoke. 50. 

O Cara ! Cara f filence all that Train : 

Joy to great Chaos ! let Divifion reign. 

My Racks and Tortures foon fhall drive them hence, 

Break all their nerves, and fritter all their fenfe. 

bad the honour to be anfwered by the faid Mr. Cibher, with a 
lively fpirit alfo, and in a manner very ancomrnon, in the 8th 
Chapter of his Life and Manners. And here, gentle Reader 
would I gladly inlert the other Ipeech, whereby thou mighteft 
judge between them : but I mult defer it on account of fome 
differences not yet acijufted between the noble Author and my 
felf, concerning the True Reading of certain palTages. Scriel. 

Verse 43. When lo! a Harlot for7n.'\ Every Reader will fee, 
that from this verfe to the 68th is a detach'd piece. We fup^ 
pofe it rightly inferted here, from what is faid of her calling a 
Icornful look on the profirate Mujes : but if any one can Ihow us 
a properer place, we fhall be obliged to him. — The Attitude 
given to this Phantom reprefents the nature and genius of the 
Italian Opera. : its alFeded airs, its luxurious and efFemenating 
founds, and the practice of patching up thefe Opera's with fa 
vourite tunes, incoherently put together. Thefe things v. ere 
fupported by the fubfcriptions of the Nobility. 

Vrrj^e 52. Let Di^ijtons reign.'] Alluding to the falfe tafle 

of playing tricks in Mufick with numberiefs divjfions, to the ne- 
gleft of that harmony which conforms to the fenfe, and applies 
to the paffions. Mr. Handel ha.d introduced a greater number of 
hands, and more variety of infcrumcnts into the Orcheftra, and 
employed even Drums and Cannon to m.ake a fuller chorus ; 
which prov'd fo much too manly for the fine gentlemen of his 
age, that he was obliged to remove his Mufick into Ireland. 
After v/hich they were reduced for want of Compofers to prac- 
tife the patciiwork above-menticn'd. 

Book IV. The D UNCI AD. 

One Trill fliall harmonize joy , grief and rage, 55 
Wake the dull church, and lull the ranting ftage ; 
To the fame notes thy fons (ball hum or fnore. 
And all thy yawning daughters cry Encore. 
Another Phoebus, thy own Phoebus reigns, 
Joys in my jigg^? and dances in my chains. 60 
But foon, ah foon Rebellion will commence. 
If Mufick meanly borrows aid from Senfe : 
Strong in new Arms lo Giant Handel ftands, 
Like bold Briareus, with a hundred hands ; 
To ftir, to rowze, to ftiake the foul he comes, 65 
And Jove's own Thunders follow Mars's Drums. 

Arreft him, Emprefs ! or you fleep no more 

She heard, and drove him to th' Hibernian fliore. 

And now had Fame's pofterior Trumpet blown. 
And all the Nations fummon'd to the Throne. 70 
The yoqng, the old, who feel her inward fway. 
One inftiiid: feizes, and tranfports away. 

R E M A R K So 

VjERSE 59.-— T^hy o^jn Phcebus reigns.'^ 

Thus jam regKat ApoUo, Yi rc. 

Not the ancient Fhcehus^ the God of Harmony, but a modera 
Ph^bjis of French extradion, married to the Priricefs Galimathm^ 
one of the hand-maids of Dulnefs, and an affillaat to Opera. 
Of whom fee Bouhours, and other Criticksof that nation. Scribi-. 

Verse 69.— Fame^s pofterior Trumpet.l^ Fojlerior^ viz. her fe^ 
condor more certain Report : unlefs we imagine this word poflerist 
to relate to the pofition of one of her Trumpets, according t«» 

She blon/js mt both nvith the fame Windt 

But one before and one behind. 

And therefore modern Authors name 

Om good^ (uid f other e^vil Fame* 

i6 The DuNCiAD. Book IV. 

None need a guide, by fure Attradion led. 

And ftrong, impulfive gravity of head. 

None want a place, for all their centre found, 75 

Hung to theGoddefs, and cohered around. 

Not clofcr, orb in orb conglob'd are fcen 

The buzzing Bees about their dufky Queen. 

The gathering number, as it moves along, 
Involves a vaft involuntary throng, go 
Who gently drawn, and ftrugling lefs and lefs, 
Roll in her Vortex, and her pow'r confefs. 
Not thofe alone, who paflive own her Jaws, 
But who, weak rebels more advance her caufe. 
Whatever of Dunce in College or in Town 85 
Sneers at another, in Toupee or Gown ; 
Whatever of mungril no one clafs admits, 
A Wit with dunces, and a Dunce with wits. 
Nor abfent they, no members of her ftate, 
Who pay her homage in her fons the Great ; 90 
Who falfe to Phoebus, tK)W the knee to Baal, 
Or impious, preach his word without a call. 


Versb 73. AW mid a Guide ^ — nonenxjant a Place The 

fons of Dulnefs are cLv\lilcL'Aoi^ ^ind can introduce themfelves 
into ail places, they want no inftru^lors in ftudy, nor guides in life. 

Verse 71 to loi.JIt ought to be obferved that here are three 
clafTes in this afTembiy. I'he fir ft of men abfolutely and avow- 
edly dull, who naturally adhere to the Goddefs, and are imaged 
in the fimile of the Bees about their Queen. The feccnd invo- 
luntarily drawn to her, tho' not caring to own her influence, 
from Verfe 79 to 89. The third of fuch, as tho' not members 
of her ftate, yet advance her ferv ice by Mattering Dulnei's, cul- 
tivating millaken talents, patronizing vile fcribblers, difcouraging 
living merit, or fetting up for wits, and men of tafte in Arts 
they underftand not : from Verie 89 to 10 1. 

Vkrse 91 . — Falfe to Phoebus.] Spoken of the ancient and true 

Book IV. The Dun CI AD. 17 

Patrons, who fneak from living worth to dead. 

With hold the penfion, and fetup the head: 

Or veft dull Flatr'ry in the liicred gown, ^5 

Or o;ive fiom fool to fool the laurel crown. 

And (laft and worft) with all the cant of wit, 

Witliout the foul, the Mufe's Hypocrir. 

There marc h'd the bard and blockhead, fide by fide^" 
Who^rym'd for hire, and patroniz'd by pride, 100 
Narciflus, praised with all a Parfon's pow% 
Look'd a white lilly funk beneath a fhow'r. 
There mov'd Montalto with fuperior air. 
His ftretch d-out arm difplay'd a Volume fair ; 
Courtiers and Patriots in two ranks divide, 105 
Thro'. both he pafs'd, and bowM from fide to fide: 
But as in graceful aft, v/ith awful eye 
Composed he ftood, bold B — f — n thruft-him by: 
On two unequal Crutches prop'd he came, 
Milton's on this, on that one Jonfton's name, no 
The decent Knight retir'd with fober rage. 
Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page. 

R E M A K S. 
Phoebus, not the French Fhcebusy who hath no chofen Priefls cr 
Poets, but equally infpires any man that pleafeth to fmg or 
preach. Scrib. 

Verse 93. — Who fneak from lining <worth to deaa\~\ See the Note 
on Verfe 123. 

Verse 103. There wo-W Montalto.] An eminent perfon of 
Qua lity who was about to publidi a very pompous Editica of a 
grei't Author, very much at his own Expence indeed. 

Verse 108 — W^B-nf-n.] This man endeavoured to raiie him- 
felf to Fame by ereding monuments, ftriking coins, and procu- 
ring Tranflations, of Milton ; and afterwards by a great paliion 
for Jrthur Jonfion, a Scots phyfician's Verfion of the Pfahns, of 
which he printed many fine Editions, bee more of him, Book 3. 

1 8 The D u N c I A D. Book IV. 

When Dulnefs, fmiling — Thus revive the Wits ; 
But murder firft, and mince them all to bits ; 
As erft Med^a Ccruel, fo to fave \) 115 
A new Edition of old ^Efon gave. 
Let Standard- Authors thus like Trophies born. 
Appear more glorious as more hacked and torn. 
And you my Critics in the chequer 'd fhade. 
Admire new light thro' holes yourfelves have made. 


Leave not a foot of Verfe, a foot of Stone, 

A Page, a Grave, that they can call their own ; 

But fpread, my fons, your glory thin of thick, 

Ori paffive paper, or ofi folid brick ; 

So by each Bard an Alderman fhall fit, 125 

A heavy Lord fhall hang at evYy Wit, 

And while on Fame's triumphant Car they ride. 

Some Slave of mine be pinion'd to their fide. 

Now Crowds on Crowds around the Goddefs prefs, 
Each eager to prefent the firft Addrefs. 1 50 


Verse 113. — Thus fc^z^ve, i^c] The Goddefs applauds 
the practice of tacking the obfcure Names of Perfons not emi- 
nent in any branch of Learning to thofe of the moft diilinguilh- 
ed Writers ; by printing Editions of their Works with imperti- 
nent alterations of their Text, or by fetting up Monuments dif- 
graced with their own names and infcriptions. 

Verse 116. Old jEfon.'] Of whom Ovid (very applicably 
to thefe reilored authors.) 
^f ;n niiratiiry 

DiiTimilemq; animum fuhiit. 

Verse 122. A Page, a Gra<ve.'] For what lefs' than a Grave 
can be granted to a dead author ? or what lefs than a Page can 
be allowed a living one ? 

Verse 122. A Page.'] Pagina, not Padijfeqzms, A Page of 
a Book, not a Servant, Follower or Attendant ; no poet having 
had a Page fmce the death of Mr, Thomas Durfey. 

Verse 125. So by each Bard an Alderman^ &c.] Vide the 
l^omhs of thg Poets, Editio Weftmonafterienfis. 

Book IV. The D u n e i a d. 19 

Dance fcorning Dunce beholds the next advance ^ 
But Fop fliews Fop fuperior complaifance. 
When lo ! a Spe£tre rofe, whofe index-hand 
Held forth the Virtue of^the dreadful Wand ; 
His beaver'd brow a birchen garland bears, 135 
Dropping with Infant's blood, and Mother's tears : 
All flefli is humbled. Youth's bold courage cools. 
Each ftiudd'ring owns the Genius of the Schools ; 
The pale Boy- Senator yet tingling (lands. 
And holds his breeches clofe with both his hands. 14a 
Then thus. Since Man from beaft by Words is 

Words are Man's province, words we teach alone. 
When Reafon doubtful, like the Samian letter. 
Points him two ways, the narrower is the better. 
Plac'd at the door of Learning, youth to guide, 145 
We never fuffgr it to ftand too wide. 


Verse ha. — the dread/u/ TVand.l A thin cane is iifually , 
born by Schoolmafters, which drives the poor Souls about like 
the wand of Mercury. 

Verse 140. And holds his Britches.'] An elFed of Fear, fome- 
what like this is defcribed in the 7th ^neid, 

Cantremuit nemus 

Et trepidte matres prej/ere ad peSiora natos. 
nothing being fo natural in any apprehenfion, as to lay clofe 
hold on whatever is fupposM to be moll in danger. But let it 
not be imagined the author would infmuate thefe youthful Sena- 
tors (cho' fo lately come from fchooi) to be under the undue influ- 
ence of any Mailer. 

Ver. 143. — like the Samian letter P[ The letter Y, ufed by- 
Pythagoras as an emblem of the different roads of Virtue and 
Vice. Perjius, 

Et tibi qii^ Samios deduxit lit era ramos, 

Ver. 145. Placd at the door, &c.] This circumflance of the 
Genuis Lsci (with that of the Index-hand before) feems to be 

B 2 

20 The D u N c I A D. Book IV. 

To ask, to guels, to know, as they commence, 

As Fancy opens the quick fprings of Senfc, 

We ply the memory, we load the brain. 

Bind rebel wit, and double chain on chain ; 1 50 

Confine the thought to exercife the breath ; 

And keep them in the pale of Words till death. 

Whatever the Talents, or however defign'd. 

We hang one jingling Padlock on the mind : 

A Poet the firft day he dips his quill ; 1 55 

And what th^^ laft? a very Poetftill. 

Pity ! the charm works only in our wall. 

Loft, loft too foon in yonder Houfe or Hall. 

Th ere truant Wyndham every Mufe gave o'er. 

There Talbot funk, and was a Wit no more ! 160 

How fweet an Ovid, Murray, w^as our boaft^ 

How many Martials were in Pult'ney loft! 

Elfe fure fome Bard, to our eternal praife, 

In twice ten thoufand ryming nights and days. 

Had reached the Work, the All that mortal can ; 1 65 

And South beheld that Mafter-piece of Man! 


an allirfion to the Table of Cehes, where the Genius of humane 
Nature points out the road to be purfued by thofe entering into 
life, '''o r^'po)!/ a.v(a £:;>ikw<; £%wy X^p1>i^ rivet '«v Tijj X^'P^ JtJ "^^i 
elipz to;Tep St.xvuwv ri ovroq Aa, ixm nccASiloct, 

Ver, 151, 152.-^ to exercife the breathy 

And keep the?n in the pale of ^ords till death. 
By obliging them to get the claiTick poets by heart, which fur- 
nb'hes tiiein with endlefs matter for Converfation, and Verbal a- 
mufement for their whole lives. 

V E Tn.. 1 66, that Mafter-piece of 7nan!\ viz. an Epigram, 

The famous Dr. ^outh delared a perfed Epigram to be as difficult 
a performance as an Epic Poem. And the Critics fay " an Epic 

Poem is the greateil work human nature is capable of. 

Book IV. The D u n c i A d. 


Oh (cry'd theGoddefs) for feme pedant Reign, 
Some gentle James to blefs the land again ! 
To ftick the Dodlor's Chair into the Throne, 
Give law to Words, or war with Words alone, 1 70 
Senates and Courts with Greek and Latin rule. 
And turn the Council to a Grammar School. 
For fure, if Dulnefs fees a grateful Day, 
^Tis in the fliade of Arbitrary Sway. 


Ver. 168. Some gentle James, &:c.] Wilfon tells us that this 
king, James the firfl, took upon himfelf to teach the Latin 
tongue to Car, Earl of Somerfet ; and that Gondomar the Spa - 
nifli Amballador wouM fpeak falfe Latin to him, on purijofe to 
give him the pleafure of correding it, whereby, he wrought 
himfelf into his good graces. 

This great Prince vvas the firll who aflumed the title of Sacred 
Majejiy, which his loyal Clergy transferred from God to Him. 

* 1 he principles of Paffive Obedience and Nonrefiilance [hys the 

* Author of the Differtation on Parties^ Letter 8.) which before 

* his time had fculk'd perhaps in fome old Homily, were talk'd, 
' written, and preach'd into vogue in that inglorious reign, 

Ver. 174. 

— — if Di^lnep fees a grateful day, 
'^7 is in the Jhade of Arbitrary fway : 

And grateful it is in Dulnefs to make this con feifion. I will not 
fay fhe alludes to that celebrated verfe of Claudian, 

■ ' nunquam Libertas gratior exftat 
^am fub Rege pio 

But this I will fay, that the words Liberty and Monarchy have 
been frequently confounded and miftaken one for the other by 
the graveft authors. I fhould therefore conjedlure, that the ge- 
nuine reading of the fore-cited verfe was thus, 

' nunquam lAh^xtdiS gratior exftat 
^arn fub Lege pia ^ 

and that Rege was the reading only of Dulnefs herfelf. And 
therefore fhe might allude to it. Scrib^ 

B 3 

2 2 The D u N c I A D , Book IV . 

O ! if my fons may learn one earthly thing, 1 7 5 
Teach but that one fufficient for a King 
That which my Priells, and mine alone, maintain, 
Which as it dies, or lives, we l^iU, or reign : 
May you, may' Cam, and Ifis preach it long! 

The Right Divine of Kings to govern v/rong. 


Prompt at the Gall, around the Goddefs roll 
Broad hats, and hoods, and caps, a fable fhoal : 
Thick and more thick the black blockade extends, 
A hundred head of Ariftotle's friends. 
Nor-wert thou, Ifis! wanting to the day, 185 
[Tho' Chrift-church long kept prudiftly away,] 

R E MA R K S. 

I judge quite otherwife of this pafiage : The genuine reading 
is Libertas and Rege : So Claudian gave it. But the error lies 
in the iiril verfe : It fliould be Exit not Exjfat, and then the 
meaning will be, that Liberty was never lojl, or ^jjent a^-vsay with 
fo goodli grace, as under a good King : it being without doubt 
a tenfold ^hame to lofe it under a bad one. 

This further leads me to animadvert upon a moft grievous piece 
of nonfenfe to be found in all the Editions of the Author of the 
Dunciad himfelf. A mod capital one it is, and owing to the 
ccnfuHon abovemention'd by Scribleras of the two words Liheyty 
and Monarchy. EfTay on Cj'it. 

Nature, like Monarchy, is hut refiraind ^ 
By the fame La^'JJS her 'felf at firji ordain d. 

Who fees not, it fhould be. Nature //.^^ Liberty ? corred k there- 
fore repugnantibus omnibus, (even tho' the Author himfeif fhouW 
cppaen) in all the imDreilions which have been, or ihall be, 
made of his works. ^ . , Bentley. 

Verse 186. W Chrijl- church.-] This line is ooubtlefs fpu- 
rious, and foiiled in by the impertinence of the Editor ; and ^c^ 
cordinely we have put it between Hooks, For I afhrm this Col- 
leae came as early as any other, by its proper Deputies ; nor did 
arfy Collep-e pav homage to Dulnefs in its whole body. 15entl. 

Book IV- The D u n c i a d. 23 

Each ftaunch Polemic ftubborn as a rock. 
Each fierce Logician ftill expelling Lock, 
Came whip and fpur, and dafti*d thro' thin and thick. 
On German Crouzaz, and Dutch Burgerfdyck. 190 
As many quit the ftreams that murm'ring fall 
To lull the fons of Marg'ret and Clare-hall, 
Where B— tl— y late tempeftuous wont to fport 
In troubled waters, but now fleeps in Port. 
Before them march'd that awful Ariftarch, 195 
Plow'd was his front with many a deep Remark. 
His Hat, which never vail'd to human pride. 
Walker with reverence took, and lay*d afxde, 

Ver. expelling Lock.] In the year 1703 there was 

a meeting of the heads of the Univerfity of Oxford to cenfure 
Mr. Lock's Effay on Human Underilanding, and to forbid the 
reading it. 

Ver. 190. On German Crouzaz and Dutch Burgerfdyck.] 
There feems to be an improbability that the Do6lors and Heads 
of houfes fhould ride on horfeback, who of late days being gouty 
or unweildy, have kept their coaches. But thefe are hories of 
great ftrength, and fit to carry any weight, as their German and 
Dutch extradion may manifeit ; and very famous we may con- 
clude, being honoured with Names, as were the horfes Pegafus 
and Bucephalus. Scrib. 

Ver ] 191. — the Streams.'] The River Cam, running by the 
walls of thefe Colleges, which are particularly famous for their 
skill in Difputation. 

Ver 194 — Jlceps in Port.] viz. " now retired into harbour, 
after the tempeil that had long agitated his fociety." So Scrib- 
lerus. But the learned Scifio Maffei underftands it of a certain 
Wine called Fort^ from Oporto a city of Portugal, of which tliii 
Profeflbr invited him to drink abundantly. Scip. Maff. dt 
Cornpot antionihus Jcadcniicis, 

Ver. 197. His Hat, &c. So up7'ight ^.akers pleafe both Man 

and God,] The Hat-worftiip, as the Quakers call it, is an abo- 
mination to that fedl : yet were it is neceiTary to pay that refpedl 
to man (as in the Courts of Juftice and Houfes of Parliament} 
they have, to avoid offence and yet not violate their confcience, 
contrived to hire people to uncover them with the appearance of 


The D u N c I A D . 

Book 1\\ 

Low bow'd the reft : He kingly, did but nod ; 

So upright Quakers pk^fe both Man and God. 200 

Miftrefs! difmils that rabble from your throne. 

Turn what they will to V erfe, their toil is vain, 
Critics like me fhall make it profe again. 
Roman and Greek Grammarians! know your Better ' 


Author of fomething yet more great than letter 
While towVing o'er your Alphabet, like Saul, 
Stands our Digamma, and o'er-tops them all. 
'Tis true, on Words is ftill our whole debate, 
Difputes of Me or Te^ of aul or aij 210 

Yer. 202. Arlfiarcus.l a famous Commentator, and Corre£lor 
of Homer, whofe name has been frequently ufed to lignify a 
fevere Critic. 

Ver. 207, £oS. While- to^'* ring o'er your Alphabet //^^ Saul, 
Stands our Digamma — ] Alludes to the boafced reftoration of the 
Eolic Digamma, in his long proje£led Edition of Homer. He 
calls it fomething more than Letter, from tiie enormous figure it 
would make among the other letters, being one Gamma fet 
upon the fhoulders of another. 

Ver. 210. — of or Te.] It was a ferious difpute, about 
which the learned were much divided, and from treatifes writ- 


is Ariftarchus yet unknown ? 



Ver. 199. He kingly, did hut AW.] Milton, 
'■^Ht, kingly, from his Seat declind not.—^ 

Sic notus UlylTes ? Virg. 

Doft thou not feel me, Rome ? Ben. Johnfon. 

Vtr. 202, — Is Ariilarchus yet unko^jjn? 

from Propertius fpeaking of the iEneid. 
Cedite Roman fcriptoris, cedite Graii f 
Nefcio Qiiid majus nafcitur liiade. 

Ver. 205. Roman and Greek Grammarians, &c.] Imitated 

Book IV. TheDuNCiAD. 25 

To found or fink in cano^ O or A ? 

Or give up Cicero to C or K ? 

Let Friend affedt to fpeak as Terence fpoke, 

And Aifop never but like Horace joke \ 

For me, what Virgil, Pliny may deny, 215 

Manilius or Solinus fhall fupply : 

For Attic phrafe in Plato let them feek, 

I poach in Suidas for unlicensed Greek. 

In ancient Senfe if any needs will deal, 

Be fure I give them Fragments, not a Meal ; 220 

What Gellius or Stobseus cook'd before. 

Or chew'd by blind old Scholiafts o'er and o'er. 

The Critic Eye, that microfcope of wit. 

Sees hairs and pores, examines bit by bit : 

How parts relate to parts, or they to whole, 225 

The body's harmony, the beaming foul. 

Are things which Kufter, Burman, Waffe, fhall fee. 

When Man's whole frame is obvious to a Flea. 

ten, whether at the end of the firft Ode of Horace to read. Me 

doSlarum hedara pr^emia froniium, or Te dofiarum hedara 

gelidtm nemus, or gelidum nsmusy &C, 

Verse 212. Or gz<ve up Cicero to Cor K.."] Grammatical dif- 
putes about the manner of pronouncing Cicero's name. 

Verse 216. Manilius or iS'i?/?;/^*^/.] Some Critics having had 
it in their choice, to comment either on Virgil or Manilius, 
Pliny or Solinus, have chofen the worfe author, the more freely 
to difplay their critical capacity. 

' Vj?r. 218, &:c. Suidas^ Gellius,^ Stobt^'us.'\ T\\Q firlt a Diftio- 
nary-vvriter, acolledor of impertinent fads and barbarous words; 
the fecond a minute Critic ; the third an author who gave his 
Common-place-book to the publick, where Vv e happen to find 
much Mincemeat of old books. 

Ver. Z22. Or chenvd by blind old Scholiafis er and er'\ Tliefe 
taking the fame things eternally from the mouth of one ano- 

26 The D u N c I A D. Book IV. 

Ah think not, Miftrefs ! more true Dulnefs lies 
In Folly's Cap, than Wifdom's grave difguife. 230 
Like buoys, that never fink into the flood. 
On Learning's furface we but lye and nod. 
Thine is the genuine Head of many a houfe. 
And much Divinity without a Nous. 
Nor could a Barrow work on ev'ry block, 235 
Nor has- one Atterbury fpoil'd the flock ; 
See ! fl:ill thy own, the heavy Canon roll. 
And Metaphyfic fmokes involve the Pole. 

* * * * * * * 4^ 

* - * * * * * * ^20 

* * * * * ^ ^ 
* ' * * * * * * 

R E M A R K S, 

Ver. 234. ^Kd much Divinity ntnthout a ^oCc,] A word much 
affe£led by the learned Ariilarchus in common converfation, to 
fignify Genius or natural acumen. But this palTage has a further 
View : x-oK the Platonic term for Mind, or the firfi Caufe, and 
that fyilem of Divinity is here hinted at which terminates in 
blind Nature without a Nou<;, fi^ch as thePoet afterwards deltnbes, 
(fpeaking of the dreams of one of thefe later Piatoniils ) 

Or that bright Image to our Taney dranjo 
V/hich Theocles in rapturd Vifan fa^jjy 
nat Nature &c. 

Ver. 235, 236. Barro^jy Atterhury.'] Ifaac Barrow Mailer 
of Trinity, Francis Atterbury Dean of Chriit-church, both 
great Genius's and eloquent Preachers ; one more converfant in 
the fublime Geometry, the other in clafTical Learning, but who 
equally made it their care to advance the polite Arts in their 
feveral Societies. 

Ver. Z37 — the hca^vy Canon.'] Canon here, if fpoken of Jr- 
ti/Iery, is in the plural number ; if of the Canons of the Hoiifey 
in the fmgular, and meant only of one : in which cafe I fufpe£l 
the Fole to be a falfe reading, and that it fhould be the Poll, or 
Head of that Canon. Scrib. 

Hiatus, but not ^alde dtflendus, fmce the learned Ariilar- 
chus loves a Fragment. 

Book IV, The D u n c i a d. 


What tho' we let feme better fort of fool 
Thrid ev'ry fcience, run thro' ev'ry fchool ? 
Never by Tumbler thro* the hoops was ftiown 245 
Such Ikill in paffing all, and touching none. 
He may indeed (if fober all this time) 
Plague v/ich Difpute, or perfecute with Ryme : 
We only furnifh what he cannot ufe. 
Or wed to what he muft divorce, a Mufe : 250 
Full in the midft of Euclid, dip at once. 
And petrify a Genius to a Dunce ; 
Or fet on Metaphyfic ground to prance, 
Show all his paces, not a ftep advance. 
With the fame Cement, ever fure to bind, 256 
We bring to one dead level ev'ry mind ; 
Then take him to devellop, if you can. 
And hew the Block off, and get out the Man. 
But wherefore wafte I words ? I fee advance 
Whore, Pjjpil, and lac'd Governor from France. 2 60 


Ver. 252. — petrify a Genius. '] Thofe who have no Genius's 
employ'd in works of imagination, thofe who have, in abilrad: 

Ver. 258. Jnd heuo the Block off."] A notion of Ariilotle, that 
there was originally in every block of marble a Statue, which 
would appear on the removal of the fuperfluous parts. 

Ver. 260. — lac^d Go'vernor.'] Why lacd? Becaufe Gold and 
Silver are necelTary trimming to denote the drefs of a perfon of 
rank, and the Governor muft be fuppofed fo in foreign countries, 
to be admitted into Courts and other places of fair reception. 
But how comes Arillarchus to know by fight that this Governor 
comes from France ? Why, by the laced coat. Scrib. 

V. id. Whore, Pupil, and lacd Go^ernour.'j Some Critics have 
objefted to the order here, being of opinion that the Governor 
fhould have the precedence before the Whore, if not before the 
Pupil. But were he fo placed, it might be thought to infmuate 
that the Governor led the Pupil to the Whore: And were the 
Pupil placed firft, he might be fuppofed to lead the Governor to 

28 The Dun CI AD. Book IV. 

Walker ! our hat nor more he deign'd to fay. 

But ftern as Ajax fpedtre, ftrode away. 

In flowed at once a gay enibrokler'd race, 
And titt'ring pufh^d the Pedants off the place , 
Some would have fpoken, but'the voice was drown'd 
By the French horn, or by the opening hound. 266 
The firft came forward, with as eafy mien 
As if he faw St. James's and the Queen : 
Dulnefs delighted ey'd the lively Dunce, 
Remembering fhe herfelf was Pertnefs once. 270 
When thus th' Attendant Orator begun : 
Receive, great Emprefs ! thy accomplifli'd fon : 
Thine from the birth, and facred from the rod, 
A dauntlefs Infant never fcar'd wkh God 1 


her. Bat our impartial Poet as he is, drawing their piclure, re- 
prefents them in the order in which they are generally feen ; 
namely the Pupil between the Whore and the Governor j but 
placeth the Whore firft, as Ihe ufually governs both the other. 


Ver. zGz.—ftern as Ajax Speclre.'] See Homer, Odyff. ii. 
where the Ghoil of Ajax turns fulieniy from UlyfTes. 
Ver. 264. And tittering puJFd^ &c.] Hor. 

Rideat £5* fulfet lafci^a decentius ^tas, 

Ver. 268. As if he fa<vo St. JamesV] ReFie^ling on the dif- 
refpedlful and indecent behaviour of feveral forward young Per- 
fons in the prefence, fo oiFenfive to all ferious men, and to none 
more than the good Scriblerus. 

Ver. 271. — th* attendant Oratpr.'] The Governor abovefaid. 
The Poet gives him no particular name ; being unvv^illing I pre- 
fume, to ofFend or do injultice to any, by celebrating one only, 
witii whom this charader agrees, in preference to fo many who 
equally deferve it. ScRiBL. 

V. 274. A dauntlefs Infant neuer feared ivith God. Hor, 

—fne Dis Aniniofus Infans. 

Book IV. The D u n c i A d. 29 

The Sire faw, fmiling, his own Virtues wake 275 
The Mother beggM the bkfling of a Rake : 
Thou gav'ft that Ripenefs, which fo foon began. 
And ceas'd fo foon, he ne'er was boy nor man. 
Thro' School and College, thy kind cloud o'ercaft. 
Safe and unfeen the young iEneas paft. 280 
Thence burfting glorious, all at once let down, 
Stunn'd with his giddy Larum half the town 
Intrepid then o'er feas and lands he flew, 
Europe he faw, and Europe faw him too. 
There all thy gifts and graces we difplay, 285 
Thou, only thou, diredling all our way ! 
To where the Seine, obfequious as flie runs. 
Pours at great Bourbon's feet her filken fons, 
Or Tyber now no longer Roman rolls, 
Vain of Italian Arts, Italian Souls 290 
To happy Convents, bofom'd deep in Vines, 
Where {lumber Abbots, purple as their Wines ; 
To Ifles of Fragrance, Lilly-filver'd Vales, 
DifFufing languor in the panting gales : 
To lands of finging, or of dancing flaves, 295 
Love- whifp'ring woods, and Lute-refounding w&ves. 


Ver. 280. — unfeen the young iEneas paft^ 
Whence burfting glorious. See Virg. ^n. i. 

At V enus obfcuro gradientis aera fepjit, 

Et multo nebula circum Dea fiidit amiSlu. 

Cernere ne quis eos : — i. neu quis contingere fojjtt ; 

2. Moliri^e moram \ — aut 3. ^eniendi pofcere caufas. 

Where he enumerates the .caufes why his mother took this care 
of him : to wit, i . that no body might touch or corred him : 
2. might ftop or detain him : 3. examine him about the progrefs 
he had made, or fo much as guefs how he came there ? 
Ver. 293. ^Ullyfiherd Fales.] Tuberofes. 

3p The D u N c I A Ei. Book IV. 

But chief her flirine where naked Venus keeps, 
And Cupids ride the Lyon of the deeps ; 
Where, eas'd of Fleets, the Adriatic Main 
Wafts the fmooth Eunuch and enamoured fv/ain. 
Led by my hand, he fiiunter'd Europe round, 301 
And gathered ev'ry Vice on Chriftian ground ; 
Saw ev'ry Court, heard ev'ry King declare 
His royal fenfe of OpVa's or thb Fair ; 
The Stews and Palace equally explored, 305 
Intrigued with glory, and with fpirit whor'd 
Try^d dill hors-d^oeuvres^ all Liqueurs dtfin'd^ 
Judicious drank, and greatly-dariftg din'd 
Dropt the dull lumber of the Latin ftore. 
Left his own Language, and acquired no more 
All Claffic learning loft on Claffic ground ; 311 
* And laft turned Air, the Eccho of a Sound ! 
See nov7, half-car'd, and perfe£liy well bred, 
With nothing but a Solo in his head, 


Ver. 298. J^d Cupids ride the Lyon of the deeps."] The wing- 
ed Lyon the Arms of Venice. Tliis Republic heretofore the 
moft confiderable in Europe, for her Naval Force and the extent 
of her Commerce ; now iliuilrious for her Carnivals. 

Ver. 308. — greatly-daring dind.] It being indeed no fmall 
rifque to eat thro' thofe extraordinary compofitions, whofe dif- 
guis'd ingredients are generally unknown to the guelts, and high- 
ly inflammatory and unwholfonie. 

Ver. 314. W ith ?iothing but a '^olo in his heads] With no- 
thing but a Solo Why, if it be n^ Solo, how Ihould there befany 
thing elfe ? Palpable Tautology ! fcg^d boldly an Opera^ which 
is enough of confcience for iuch a head as has loft all its La- 
tin. Bentl. 

Ver. 312. And laji turnd Air, the Eccho of a Sound] Yet 
Icfs a Body than Eccho itfelf ; for Eccho refleds Senfe or Words at 
leaft, this gentleman only Airs and Tunes : 

— Sonus ef, qui njivit in illo. Ovid Met. 

Book IV, The D u n c i a d. 3 1 

As much Eftate, and Principle, and Wit^ 

As Ja-f-n, Fl--tw-d, C-bb-r, fhall think fit, 

StoPn from a Duel, followed by a Nun, 

And, if a Borough chufe him, not undone ; 

See ^ to my country happy I reftore 

The glorious Youth, and add one Venus more. 

Her too receive, (for her my foul adores) 

So may the fons of fons of fons of whores, 3201 

Prop thine, O Emprefs ! like each neighbour Throne, 

And make a long Pofterity thy own. 

Pleas'd, fhe accepts the Hero, and the Dame, 
Wraps in her Veil, and frees from fenfe of fliame. 

Then look'd, and faw a lazy, lolling fort, 
Unfeen at Church, at Senate, or at Court, 
Of ever-liftlefs loit'rers, that attend 
No caufe, no truft, no duty, and no friend, 330 
Thee too, my Paridel ! fhe mark'd thee there. 
Stretched on the rack of a too-eafy Chair 5 

Ver. 316. — Ja-f-n^ Fl-^-d, C-bb-r. 1 Three very eminent 
perfons, all Managers of Plays ; who tho' not Governors by pro- 
ifeffion, had each in his way concern'd themfelves in the Education 
of youth, and regulated their Wits, their Morals, or their Finan- 
ces, at that period of their age which is the moft important, their 
entrance into the polite world. 

Ver. 319. Her too recei've, Sec.'] This confirms what the learn- 
ed Scriblerus advanced in his Note on V. 260, that the Governor, 
as well as the Pupil, had a particular intereft in this lady. 

Ver. 320. So may the Sons of Sons, Sec. Virg. 

Et nati natorum, iff qui nafcentur ab illis. JEn. 3. 

Ver. 321. Jnci thee my Paridel !] The Poet feems to fpeak of 
this young gentleman with great affeftion. The name is taken 
from Spencer, who gives it to a ^joandering Courtly Squire, that 
traveird about for the fame reafon, for which many young 
Squires are now fond of travelling, and efpecially to Paris. Fairy 
Queen. Lib. Can. 9. 

— Ver. 332, &c. StretcFd on the Rack — 

Jnd heard, Sec."] Virg. iEn. 6. 
Sedet, aeternumq ; fedebit, 

Infcelix nefius, Phlegyafqi mi/errimus omnes Admonet . 

32 TheDuNciAD. Book IV. 

And heard thy everlafting yawn confefs 

The Pains and penalties of Idlenefs. 

She pity*d ! but her pity only Ihed 335 

Benigner influence on thy nodding head. 

But Annius, crafty Seer, with Ebon wand. 
And well-difTembled Em'rald on his hand, 
Falfe as his Gems, and canker'd as his Coins, 
Came cramm'd with Capon, from where Pollio dines. 
Soft, as the wily Fox is feen to creep 341 
Where bask on funny banks the fimple fhcep. 
Walk round and round, now prying here, now there 
So he but pious, whifper'd firft his pray'r. 
Grant, gracious Goddefs ! grant me ftill to cheat, 
O may thy cloud flill cover the deceit ! 
Thy choicer mifts on this aflfembly fhed. 
But pour them thickeft on the noble head ! 
So fliall each youth, afllfled by our eyes. 
See other Csefars, other Homers rife, 350 



Ver. 337. Annius.l The name taken from Annius the Monk 
of Viterbo, famous for many Impofitions and Forgeries of ancient 
manufcripts and infcriptions, which he was prompted to by mere 
vanity ; but our Annius had a more fubftantial motive. 

Ver. n345. — Grant vie ftill to cheat ! 

O ?nay thy Cloud ft^ill co^er the Deceit ! 

Jjor. — Da pulchra La^^erna 


Nodem peccatis Ssf fraudihus objice nuhem, 

V id ftill to cheat ^ Some read fkilh but that is frivolous, for 
Annius hath that ficill already ; or if he had not, //// were not 
wanting to cheat fuch perfons. Bentl. 

Book IV. The Dunciad. 33 

Thro* twilight ages hunt th' Athenian fowle 
Which Chalcis Gods, and mortals call an Owie, 
Now fee an Attys, now a Cecrops clear. 
Nay Mahomet ! the Pigeon at thine ear ; 
Be rich in ancient brafs, tho' not in gold, 355 
And keep his Lares, tho' his houfe be fold ; 
To head-lefs Phsbe his fair bride poflpone 
Honour a Syrian Prince above his own > 
Lord of an Otho, if I vouch it true ; 
Bleil in one Niger, till he knows of two. 360 
Mummius overheard him ; Mummius, Fool re- 

Who, like his Cheops, ftinks above the ground. 
Fierce as a ftartied Adder, fwell'd and faid j 
Ratling an ancient Slftrum at his head. 


Ver. 351. — hunt tP Athenian Foujle^ The Gwie ftampM on 
the reverie of the ancient mony of Athens, 

Which Chalcis Gods, and Mortals call an Owie, 
is the verfe by which Hobs renders that of Homer, 

Ver. 253. A ttys and Cecrops. 1 The £ril King of Athens, of 
whom it is \\.\r^ to fuppofe any Coins are extant ; but not To im- 
probable as what follows, that there fhould be any of Mahomet, 
who forbad all Images. Neverthelefs one ofthefe Annius's made 
a counterfeit one, now in the collection of a learned Nobleman. 

V. R. 362. Cheops.'] A King of Egypt, whofe body was cer- 
tainly to be known, as buried alone in uis Pyramide, and is there- 
fore more genuine than any of the Cleopatra's. This Royal 
Mummy, being ilolen by a wild Arab, was purchas'd by the 
Confiii of Alexandria, and tranfmitted to the Mufeum of Mum- 
mius ; for proof of which he brings a pafTage in Sandy's Travels, 
where that a-ccurate and learned voy^^cv afTures us that he faw 
the Sepulchre empty, which agrees ex 611 y (faith he ) with the 
time of the Theft above mentioned. But iie omits to obferve 
that Herodotus tells the fam^ thing of it in his time. 

34 The D u N c I A D. Book IV. 

Speak^fl: thou of Syrian Princes ? Traitor bafe ! 
Mine, Goddefs! mine is all the horned race. 366 
True, he had wit, to make their value rife ; 
From foclifh Greeks to Ileal them was as wife ; 
More glorious yet, from barbarous hands to keep. 
When Sallee Rovers chac'd him on the deep : 370 
Then taught by Hermes, and divinely bold, 
Down his own throat he rifqa'd the Grecian gold, 
Received each Demi-God with pious care. 

Deep in his Entrails 1 rever'd them there 

I bought them, fhrouded in that living flirine, 375 
And, at their fecond birth, they iffue mine, 

Witnefs great Ammon! by whofe horns I fwore^, 
(Reply'd foft Annius, this our Paunch before 


Vf.r. o^G^^, SpeaFJl thou of Syrian Princes, &c. ] The ftrange 
flory following, which may be taken for a ficlion of the Poet 
is juliified by a true relation in Spon's Voyages. Valiant (who 
wrote the Hillorj^ of the Syrian Kings as it is to be found on 
medals) coming from the Levant, where he had been collefting 
Coins, and being purfued by a Corfaire of Sallee fwallowed 
down twenty gold medals. A fudden Baurafque freed him 
from the Rover, and he got to land with them in his belly. 
On his road to Avignon he met two Phyficians, of whom he de- 
manded alfidance. One advis'd Purgations, the other Vomits. 
In this uncertainty he took neither, but purfued his way to 
Lyons, where he found his ancient friend, the famous Phyfician 
and Antiquary Dufour, to whom he related his adventure. Du- 
four firfc abk'd him whether the Medals njoere of the higher Em- 
fire ? he afiurM him they were, and all of the fittl Emperors, 
Dufcar was ravifh'd with the hope of pofTeiTmg fuch a treafure, 
he bargained with him on the fpot for the moil curious of them, 
and was to recover them at his own expence. 

373- — ^^^^ Demi-God.] They are called q^^^i on 
their Coins. 

Ver. 377. Witnefs great Ammon ! ] Jupiter Ammon is calPd 
to vv'itnefs as the father of Alexander, to whom thofe Kings fuc- 
cceded in the divifion of the Macedonian Empire, and whofe 
liarns they wore on tlieir Medals. 

Book IV. The DuNCiAD. 35 

Still bears them faithful ; and that thus I eat, 
Is to refund the Medals with the meat, 38a 
To prove me, Goddefs! clear of all defign. 
Bid me with Pollio fup as well as dine : 
There all the Learn'd ftiall at the labour ftand, 
And D-gl-s lend his foft, obftetric hand. 

The Goddefs fmiiing feem'd to give confent ; 385 
So back to Pollio, hand in hand, they went. 

Then thick as locufts blackening all the ground, 
A Tribe, with weeds and ftiells fantaftick crown'd. 
Each with fome wond'rous gift approach'd the pow'r, 
A Neft, a Toad, a Fungus, or a Flow'r. 390 
But far the foremoft, two with- earneft zeal 
And afpe£t ardent to the Throne appeal. 
The firft thus openM. Hear thy fuppliant's calU 
Great Queen, and common Mother of us all ! 
Fair from its humble bed I rear d this fluwV, 395 
Suckled, and chear'd, with air, and fun, and fhow^r ^ 
Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I fpread. 
Bright with the gilded button tipt its head ; 
Then thron'd in glafs, and nam'd it Caroline : 
Each Maid cry*d, charming ! and each Youth, di- 
vine ! 4QQ 


Ver. 384. D-g-s.] A Phyfician of great Learning and no 
lefs Tafle ; above all curious in what relates to Horace, of whorn 
he has colleded every Edition, Tranflation, and Comment, to the 
number of feveral hundred volumes. 

Ver. 399. — andnanid it Caroline.] It is a compliment 
which the Florifls ufually pay to Princes and great Perfons, to 
give their names to the moft curious Flowers of their raifmg. 
Some have been very jealous of vindicating this honour, but 
none rnore than that ambitious Gardner at Hammerfmith, who 
Caufed his favourite to be paintea on his Sign, with this in^crip-t 
f ion. This is My en Caroline. 

36 The D u N c I A D. Book IV. 

Did Nature^s pencil ever blend fuch rays, 
Such vary'd light in one promifcuous blaze ? 
New proftratel dead ! behold that Caroline : 
No Maid cries, charming, and no Youth, divine. 
And lo the wretch 1 whofe vile, whofe infeft luft, 
Lay'd this gay daughter of the fpring in dull. 4.06 
Oh punifh him ! or to th' Elyfian fhades 
Difmifs my foul, where no Carnation fades 1 

He ceas'c), and wept. With innocence of mien, 
Th' accus'd ftood forth, and thus addrefs'd the 
Queen. 410 

Of all th' enamerd race, whofe filv'ry wing 
Waves to the tepid Zephyrs of the fpring. 
Or fwims along the fluid atmofphere, 
Once brighteft Ihin'd this child of Heat and Air. 
I faw, and ftarted from its vernal bow'r 415 
The rifing game, and chac'd from flowV to flow'r : 


Ver. 39;. hz. Fair from its humble Bed- 
buckled and cheard — Then — nanid it Caroline. 

Each Maid rr>-V Charming, and each Youth Divine ! 
Non^J proftratSy dead I behold that Caroline \ 
No Maid cries Charming, andnoTouih Divine,] 

Thefe Verfes are tranflated from Catullus, Epit. 

Utjlos in feptis fccretus nafcitur hortis, 
^am mulcent aur^^ firmat Sol, educat imber^ 
Multi ih U7?i ptieri, tnult^ optanjere puellce : 
Idem quum tenui carptus defioruit unguis 
Nulli ilium pueriy nulke optauere puellce, &c. 

Ver. 411 . Of all th' enamel' d Race] The Poot fcems to 
had an eye to Spenfer, Muiopotmos. have 

Of all the race of fiher'W72ged Flies 
Which do pojfefs the E?npirt of the Air. 

Book IV. The Dun e I AD. 37 

It fled, I follow'd ; now in hope, now pain i 
It ftopt, I ftopt ; it mov*d, I mov*d again. 
At laft it fix'd ('twas on what plant it pleasM) 
And where it fix'd, the beauteous bird I feiz*d : 420 
Rofe or Carnation, was below my care 
I meddle, Goddefs ! only in my fphere, 
I tell the naked fa6l without difguife. 
And, to excufe it, need but fliow the prize ^ 
Whofe fpoils this paper offers to your eye, 4x5 
Fair ev^n in death ! this peerlefs Butterfly. 

My fons ! (flie anfwer'd) both have done your 
parts : 

Live happy both, and long promote our arts. 

But hear a Mother, when fhe recommends 

To your fraternal care, our fleeping friends. 43a 

Of Souls the greater part, Heav'ns common make. 

Serve but to keep fools pert, and knaves awake y 

And moft but find that Centinel of God 

A drowzy Watchman in the land of Nod. 

And yet the dulleft brain, if gently ftir*d, 435 

Perhaps may waken to a Humming-bird i 


Ver. 418, 418. It fied, Ifollo^vdy &c.] Milt. 

-I ft art ed back. 

It JIarted back 5 but phased Ifoon return' d^ 
Pleased it return'* d as foon^^ * 

Vhr \io-"Our Jleeping Friends.] Of whom fee V. 33; above. 

Ver 434. — Land of Nod.'] Beware Reader, not to miikkc 
thts for a mere idle Paranomofia : It was the Land to which Cain 
retreated with his family, when they hadlay'd Reafon (thisC^w- 
tinel of God) afleep, and foilow'd only the guidance of their 
Paflions. Scrib. 

c 5 

38 TheDuNciAD. BooklV. 

The moft reclufe, difcreetly open'd, find 

Congenial objed in the Cockle- kind ; 

The mind in Metaphyficks at a lofs. 

May wander in a wildernefs of Mofs 440 

The head that turns at fuper-kinar things 

Poiz'd with a tail, may fteer on Wilkins' wings. 

O ! would the Sons of men once think their Eyes 
And Reafon giv*n them, but to ftudy Flies .< 
See Nature in fome partial narrow fhape, 445 
And let the Author of the Whole efcape : 
Learn but to trifle ; or, who mofl obferve. 
To wonder at their Maker, not to ferve. 


Ver. 44.0 — a nfjtldernefs of Mo/s.'] Of which the naturalifts 
count above three hundred fpecies. 

Vek. 442,— Wilkin's fFtngs.'] One of the firft Projeftorsof the 
Royal Society, who among many enlarged and ufeful notions, 
entertain'd the extravagant hope of a poflibility to fly to the 
Moon ; which has put ibme volatile Genius's upon making wings 
for that purpofe. 

Yek. 443. O njoQuld the ^ons of M^n, kcJ] This is the third 
and lall fpeech of the Goddefs to her Supplicants, and compleats 
the whole of what ftie had to give in infl:ru6lion on this impor- 
tant Gccafion, concerning Learning, Civil Society, and Religion. 
In the firil fpeech, ver. r 1 3, to her Editors and conceited Critics, 
{he directs how to deprave Wit and difcredit fine Writers. In 
her fecond, ver. 167, to the Educators of youth, ihe fhows them 
how all Civil Duties may be extinguiHi'd, in that one dodrine 
of divine Hereditary Right. And in this third, flie charges 
the Inveftigators of Nature to amufe themfelves in Trifles, and 
refl in fecond caufes, with a total difrcgard of the firft. This being 
all that Dulnefs can wifli, is all flie needs to fay ; and we may 
apply to her (as the Poet hath managM it) what hath been faid 
of true Wit, that She neither fays too little, mr too ?nud\ 


Book IV. ' The Dun CI AD. 


Be that my task (replies a gloomy Clerk, 
Sworn foe to Myft'ry, yet divinely dark, 450 
Whofe pious hope afpires to fee the day 
When Moral Evidence ftiall quite decay. 
And damns implicit faith, and holy lies. 
Prompt to impofe, and fond to dogmatize.) 
Let others creep by timid fteps, and flow, 455 
On plain Experience lay foundations low. 
By common fenfe to common knowledge bred. 
And laft, to Nature's Caufe thro' Nature led. 
All-feeing in thy mifts, we want no guide. 
Mother of Arrogance, and Source of Pride ! 4^0 
We nobly take the high Priori Road, 
And reafon downward, till we doubt of God: 


Yek. 449. — a gloomy C/erk.'] The Epithet gloomy in thisline 
may feem the fame with that of dark in the next. But gloomy 
relates to the uncomfortable and difaftrous condition of an irre- 
ligious Sceptic, whereas i^ar^ alludes only to his puzzled and 
embroiled Syilems. 

Ver. 452. Pf^^en moral Evidence Jhall quite decay. '\ Alluding 
to a ridiculous and abfurd way of fome Mathematicians, ^in cal- 
culating the gradual decay of Moral Evidence by mathematical 
proportions: according to which calculation, in about fifty years 
it will be no longer probable that Julius Csefar was in Gaul, or 
died in the Senate-houfe. See Craigs, Theologice Chriftiance 
Principia Mathemattca, But as it feems evident, that ladls of 
a thoufand years old, for inftance, are now as probable as they 
were five hundred years ago ; it is plain that if in fifty more they 
quite difappear, it mufl be owing, not to their Arguments, but 
to the extraordinary Power of our Goddefs ; for whofe help 
therefore they have reafon to pray. 

Ver. 461. — the high Priori Road.] Thofe who from the Ef> 
fedls in this Vifible world, deduce the Eternal Power and God- 
head of the Firll Caufe, tho' they cannot attain to an adequate 
idea of the Diety yet difcover fo much of him, as enables them 
to fee the End of their Creation, and the Means of their Hap- 
pinefs ; whereas they who take this high Priori Road, (fuch as 
Mobs, Spinoza, Des Cartes, and fome better Reafoners) for one 
that goes risrht, ten lofe themfelves in Mifts, or ramble afcer 

40 The Dun CI AD. Book IV. 

Make Nature ftill incroach upon his plan ; 

And fhove him off as far as e'er we can : 

Thruft fome Mechanic Caufe into his place ; 465 

Or bind in Matter, or difFufe in Space. 

Or, at one bound o'erleaping all his laws. 

Make God Man's Image, Man the final Caufe, 

Find Virtue local, all Relation fcorn. 

See all in Self^ and but for felf be born : 47Q 

Of nought fo certain as our Reafon9i\\\^ 

Of nought fo doubtful as of Soul and Will 


Vificns, which deprive them of all fight of their end, and mif- 
lead them in the choice of wrong means. 

Ver. 463. Make Nature ftill ] This relates to fuch as being 
aGiamed to affert a mere Mechanic Caufe, and yet unwilling to 
forfake it entirely, have had rccourfe to a certain Flaftic Na- 
tiire^ Elaftic Fluids &C. 

Ver. 465. l^hruji fome Mechanic Caufe Into his f lace ^ 

Or hind in Matter, or diffuje in Space.] 

The firft of thefe Follies is that of Des Carte?, the fecond of 
Hobs, the third of fome fucceeding Phiiofophers. 

Ver. 367. Or at one houndj &c.] Here the Poet, from the er- 
rors relating to a Deity in Natural Philofophy, decends to chcae 
in Moral, 

Make God Mans Ima^e^ Man the Filial Caufe, 
i^/W Virtue local, ^z// Relation fcorn^ 
See all in felf ] 

Man v/as made according to God's hnage ; this falfe Theology^ 
meafjring his Attributes by ours, makes God after Mans hnage. 
This proceeds from the imperfedion of hij^ F^eafon ; the next, 
of imagining himfelf the Final Caufe, is the efred of his Pride; 
as the making Virtue and Vice arbitrary, and Morality the im- 
pofition of the Magifirate, is of the Corruption of his heart. 
Hence he centers every thing in himfelf. The Progrefs of Dul- 
nefs herein diitering from tliat of Madnefs, one ends in feeing 
all in Qod, the other in feeing all in felf, 

Ver. 471. Of nought fo certain as our Reafon /r///.] Of which 
we have mcfl caufe be to dinident. Of naught fo doubtful as of 

Book IV. The D UNCI AD. 41 

Oh hide the God ftill more ! or make us fee 
, Such as Lucretius drew, a God like Thee : 
Wrapt up in Self, a God without a Thought, 475 
Regardlefs of our Merit or Defauk. 
Or that bright Image to our fancy draw. 
Which Theocles in raptur'd Vifion faw, 

Sour and Will, two things the moft felf-evident, the Exiftence 
of our Soul, and the Freedom of our Will. 

Ver. 474. ^uch as Lucretia dre^du."] Lib. i. vcr. 57. 

Omnis entm per fe Di'vom natura neceffejl 
Immertali a^vo fumma cum pace fruatur, 
Sem*otu ah noftris rebus, fummotaq; longe~ 
Nec bene pro meritis capitury nec tangitur ira. 

From whence the two verfes following are tranflated, and won, 
derfully agree with the Charadler of our Goddefs, Scr ibl- 
Ver. 477. Or that bright Image.] Bright Image was the. 
Title given by the latter Platonifts to that Idea of 'Nature which 
they had form'd in their fan.y, AvIotIov Aya;i|x« or the ^elf- 
feen Image. 

Ver. 478. ^/^/r>^ Theocles in Raptur'd Vifan fanv.'] Thus 
this Philofopher calls upon his Friend, to partake with him in 
thefe Vi lions. 

" To-morrow, when the Eallern Sun 

With his firft Beams adorns the front 
" Of yonder Hill, if you^'C content. 

To wander with mc in the Woods you fee, 
" We will purlue thofe Loves of ours, 
" By favour of the Sylvan Nymphs : " 

" and invoking firft the Genius of the Place, we'll try to obtaia 
" at leall fome faint and diftant view of the So<vereign Genius 
" 2LV\dLfrJi Beauty. CharaB. Vol. 2. p. 245. 

This Genius is thus apoftrophiz'd (p. 345 .) by the fam« Philo- 

" O glorious Nature f 
" Supremely fair, and fovereignly good ! 
All-loving, and all-lovely ! all divine ! 

42 The D u N c I A D. Book IV. 

While thro' Poetic fcenes the Genius roves. 

Or wanders wild in Academic Qroves ; 480 

That Nature, our Society adores. 

Where Tindal didlates, and Silenus fnores. 

Rous'd at his name, up rofe the bowzy Sire, 
And fhook from out his Pipe the feeds of Fire : 
Then fnapt his box, and ftrok'd his belly down, 485 
Rofie and rev Vend, tho' without a Gown. 
Bland and familiar to the throne he came. 
Led up the Youth, and call'd ihe Goddefs Dame : 
Then thus. From Prieft-craft happily fet free, 
Lo! ev'ry finifh'd Son returns to thee : 490 
Firft Slave to Words, then Vaffal to a Name, 
Then Dupe to Party child and man the fame , 


" Wife Subftitute of Providence ! impo^-vuerd 
** Creatrefs f or, ijnponjoring Deity y 

Supreme Creator ! 
" Thee 1 invoke, and thee alone adore. 

Sir Ifaac Ne<vjton dif^inguifhes between thefe two in a very 
dilFerent m. rner. [Princ. Scliol. gen. fub fin] — Uunc cognofci- 
miis foluTPjncdo perFroprietates fuas iff aftrihuta £ff per fapientiffimas 
tff optiivas reriim jiruduras^ {5" caufas finales \ <veneramur aiitem {5* 
coVwias oh dominium^ Deils etenini fine dominion Pro'videntiay iff 
caufii finalihiis^ nihil allud efi quam Fatum{5 Natiira. 

V ER. 479. rogues y Or -'Lvanders njuild in Academic Groves.^ 

" Above all things I lov'd Ea/e, and of all Philofophers thole 
*' who reafon'd mofl at their Eafe^ and were never angry or di- 

Ihirb'd, as thofe cali'd6'r/rji!>//V/(j never were : I look'd upon this 

kind ofPhilofophy ^.st\xQ prettiefi, agreeableji, rouingExerciJe 
** of the ^^lind, poiTihle to be imagined. Vol. 2. p. 206. 

Ver. 482. Silenus.'] Silenus v/as an Epicurean Philofopher, as 
appears from Virgil, Eclog. 6, where he fmgs the Principles of 
that Philofophy in his drink. 

\ ER.484. Seeds of Fire,] The Epicurean language, Seinina 
rcnun, or Aionis. Virg. Eclog 6. Semina Ignis, — -fernwa fiatntnce — 

Vr:K.49i. Firfi Sla^oe to Words, &c.] A Recapitulation of 
the wlioie Courfe of Modern E'lucaiion defcribed in this book;, 

Book IV. The Dunciad. 43 

Bounded by Nature, narrow'd ftill by Art, 
A trifling head, and a contradled heart. 
Thus bred, thus taught, how many have I feen, 495 
Smiling on all, and fmilM on by a Queen 
MarkM out for Honours, honoured for their Birth ; 
To thee the mofl rebellious things on earth : 
Now, to thy fhade from all their glory flirunk ; 
All melted down, in Penfion, or in Punk ! 500 
So*^ fo fneak'd into the Grave, 
A Monarches half and half a Harlot's flave. 
Poor W^*, nipt in Folly's broadeft bloom. 
Who praifes now ? his Chaplain on his Tomb. 
Then take them all, oh take them to thy breaft ; 505 
Thy Magus^ Goddefs ! fhali perform the reft. 

With that, a Wizard old his Cup extends. 
Which whofo taftes, forgets his former friends, 

which confines Youth to the ftudy of Words only in Schools, 
fubjeds them to the authority of fyftems in theUniverfities, and 
deludes them with the names of Party-diilindlions in the World. 
All equally concurring to narrow the undqrltanding, and efta- 
blifh Slavery and Error, in Literature, Philofophy, and Politicks. 
The whole finifhed in modern Free-thinking ; the completion 
of whatever is vain, wrong, and deftrudive to the happinefs of 
mankind, as it eftabliihes Self-lo^e for the fole Principle of Adlion. 

Ver. 507. — ^his Cupy ^hich njohofo taftes ^ &c.] The Cup of 
Self-lo^e, which caufes a total oblivion of all the obligations of 
Friendfhip, Honour, and Service of God or our Country ; all 
facrificed to Vain-glory, Court-worihip, or to yet meaner confi- 
de rations, of Lucre and brutal Pleafures. From ver. 5 lo to 5 1 8. 


Ver. 507, &c. Which ^hofo taftes^ forgets his former Friends^ 
Sire, &c.] Homer of the Potion of the Nepenthe. Odyff. 4. 

Auto'k' ap* ^£tq civov ^cchs ^kpfldHOV £v6gv 'i'TTlVOV* 


The DuNc I A©. 

Book IV. 

Sire, Anceflors, Himfelf. One cafts his eyes 

Up to a Star^ and like Endymion dies : 510 

A Feather {hooting from another's head, 

Extrafts his brain, and Principle is fled ; 

Loft is his God, his Country, ev'ry thing. 

And nothing left but Homage to a King. 

The vulgar herd turn off to roll with Hogs, 5 1 5 

To run with Horfes, or to hunt with Dogs: 

But, did example! never toefcape 

Their Infamy, ftill keep the human fhape. 

But flie, good Goddefs, fent to ev*ry child 
Firm Impudence, or Siupefadlion mild ; 5^0 
And ftrait fucceeded, leaving Shame no room, 
Cibberian forehead, or Cimmerian gloom.. 

Kind Self conceit to fome her Glafs applies. 
Which no one looks in with another's eyes, 


Vfr. 513, Loft is his God, his Country And nothing left 

hut Homage to a King.'] So Grange as this muft feem to a mere 
Englifh reader, the famous Moni* de la Bruyere declares it to be 
the Chara6ler of every good Subjed in a Monarchy : " Where 
" (fays he) there is no fuch thing as Lo^ve of our Country^ the In- 

tereft, the Glory and Service of the Prince fuppiy its Place. 
l^De la Republique, Chap. lo] 

VjtR. 159. — fill keep the human Shape.] The Effeds of the 
Magus's Cup are juft contrary to that of Circe. Hers took a- 
way the lhape and left the human mind : This takes away the 
mind, and leaves the human fhape. 

Ver. 5 18. Jhe, good Goddefs , &c.] The only comfort fuch 
people can receive, muft be owing in fome lliape or other to 
Dulnefs ; which makes fome ftupid, others impudent ; gives 
Self-conceit to fome, upon the Flatteries of their Dependants ; 
prefents the falfe colours of Intereft to others ; and bufies or a- 
mufes the rell: with idle pleafures or fenfuality, till they become 
eafy under any infamy. Each of which fpecies is here ftiadowed 
under Allegorical perfons. 

Book IV. 

The DuNCi AD, 


But as the Flatterer or Dependant paint, 52 5 

Beholds himfelf a Patriot, Chief, or Saint. 

On others, Int'reil her gay Liv'ry flings, 
Int'reft that waves on Party-colour'd wings ; 
Turn'd to the Sun, fhecafts a thouland dyes, 
And as fhc turns, the Colours fall or rife. 530 

Others, the Syren Sifters compafs round. 
And empty heads confole with empty found. 
No more alas ! the voice of Fame they hear. 
The balm of Dulnefs trickling in their ear. 
Great Shades of **, **, * 535 

Why all your Toils ? your Sons have learn'd to fmg 5 
How quick Ambition hafts to ridicule! 
The Sire is made a Peer, the Son a Fool. 

On fome, a Pj ieft fuccinft in Amice white 
Attends ; all flclh is nothing in his fight! 540 
Beeves at his touch at once to jelly turn. 
And the huge Boar is fhrunk into an Urn. 
The board with fpecious miracles he loads. 
Turns Hares to Larks, and Pigeons into Toads. 

VfiR. 543. T^e board nvith fpecious Miracles he loads."] Scriblc- 
rus feems at a lofs in this place. Speciofa Miracula (fays he) 
according to Horace, where the monftrous Fables of the Cyclops, 
Lsftrygons, Scylla, &c. What Relation have thefe to the trans- 
formation of Hares into Larks, or of Pigeons into Toads ? I 
lhall tell thee. The L^itrygons fpitted Men upon fpears, as we 
do Larks upon Skewers : and the fair Pigeon turned to a Toad 
is fimilar to the fair Virgin Scylla ending in a filthy beaft. Bat 
here is the difficulty : why Pigeons in fo {hocking a lhape Ihould 
be brought to a Table ? Hares indeed might be cut into Larks 
at a fecond drefiing, out of frugajity : Yet that feems no pro- 
bable motive, when we confider the extravagance before-menti- 
oned of diffolving whole Oxen and Boars into a fmall vial of 
elly ; nay it is exprefly faid, that all Tlefh is nothing in his ftghu 
have fearched in Apicius, Pilny, and the Feaft of i rimalchio, 
in vain ; I can only refolve it into fome myfterious fuperllitious 

46 The DuNciAD. Book IV. 

Another [for in all v/hat one can Ihine ? 545 

Explains the Seve and Verdeur of each Vine. 

What cannoi copious Sacrifice attone ? 

Thy Treuflcs, Perigord ! thy Hams, Bayone ! 

With French libation and Italian drain, 

Wafli Bla* white, and expiate Ha**'sftain. 550 

Kn— t lifts the head, for what are crowds undone 

To three effential Partriges in one? 

Gone ev'ry blufli, and fiient all reproach. 

Contending Princes take them in their Coach, 


Rite, as it is faid to be done by a Priefi, and foon after called ^ 
Sacrifice, and attended (as all antient facrifices were) with Liba- 
tion and Song. Scr ib l. 

This good Scholiaft, not being acquainted with modern Lux- 
ury, was ignorant that theie were only the miracles of French 
Cookery, and that particularly Pigeons en Crapeau were a com- 
mon dilh. 

Ver. 545. Se^e and Verdeur] French Terms relating to 
Wines. St. Evremont has a very pathetick Letter to a Noble- 
man in diigrace, advifmg him to fee k Comfort in a good Table, 
and particularly to be attentive to thefe Qualities in his Cham- 

VjfeR. 550. -S/^ — , Ha s."] Names of Gamefters. Bla— 

is a black man. Robert Knight Cafhier of the South-fea Com- 
pany, who fled from England in 1720 — ^Thefe lived with the 
utmoft magnificence at Paris, and kept open Tables, frequented 
by perfons of the firft Quality of England, ^nd even by Princes 
of the Blood of France. 

Ver. 550. Bla — &c.] The former Note of Bla — is a black 
man^ is very abilird. The Manufcript here is partly obliterated, 
and doabtlefs could only have been, Wajh Blackmoors nvhite, al- 
luding to a knovv^n Proverb. Scrib. 

V feR . 55 2. tbrc^ ejjential Partriges in one.] i. e. Two dii- 

folved into QumtclTence to make fauce for the third. The ho- 
nour of this invention belongs to France, yet has it been excel- 
led by oui native luxury, an hundred fquab Turkeys being not 
unfrequently dcpof ted in one Pye in theBilhoprick of Durham ; 
to whx.i our Author alludes in vcr. 583 of this work. 

Book IV. The D u n c i a d. 47 

Next, bidding all draw near on bended knees, 555 
- ,The Queen confers her Titles^ and Degrees. 
Her Children firft of more diftinguifhM fort. 
Who ftudy Shakefpear at the Inns of Court, 
Impale a Glow-worm, or Vertu profefs. 
Shine in the dignity of F, R. S. 560 
Some, deep Free-Mafons, join the filent race 
Worthy to fill Pythagoras's place : 
Some Botanifts, or Florifts at the leaft ; 
Or iffue Members of an Annual feaft. 
Nor paft the meaneft unregarded, one 565 
Rofe a Gregorian, one a Gormogon. 
The laft, not leaft in honour or applaufe, 
liis and Cam made Doftors of her Laws. 

Then, bleffing all. Go Children of my care! 
To Praftife now from Theory repair. 570 
All my Commands are eafy, ftiort, and full : 
My Sons ! be proud, be felfifli, and be dull. 
Guard my Prerogative, aflert my Throne : 
This Nod confirm? each Privilege your own. 


VER.561. Some, deep Free-Mafons, join the Jilent race ^ The 
Poet all along expreffes a veiy particular concern for this filent 
Race : He has here provided, that in cafe they will not waken 
or open (as was before propofed) to a Hmnmivg Bird or Cockle^ 
yet at worll they may be made Free-Mafons ; where Taciturnity 
is the only eifential Qualification, as it was one of the chief of 
the difciples of Pythagoras. 

Vbr. 566, — ™ a Gregorian, or a Gormogon.^ A fort of Lay- 
brothers, Slips from the root of the Free-Mafons. 

Ver. 574. ^eachVnvilQge your oucn, &c.] The fpeech of 

Dulnefs to her Sons at parting may polTibly fall fhortof tiie R.ea- 
ders expedlation ; who may iiiiagine the Goddefs might give 
them a Charge of more conlequence, and from fuch a Tiieory as 
is before delivered, incite them to the practice of fomething 

48 The Du NCI AD. Book IV. 

The Cap and Switch be facred to his Grace : 575 
With Staff and Pumps the Marquis lead the Race : 
From Stage to Stage the licensed Earl may run, 
Pair'd with his Fellow-Charioteer, the Sun : 
The learned Baron Butterflies defign, 
Or draw to filk Arachne's fubtile line : 580 
The Judge to dance his brother Sergeant call ; 
The Senator at Cricket urge the Ball : 
The Bifhop ftowe fPontific Luxury !) 
An hundred Souls of Turkeys in a pye : 
The flurdy Squire to Gallick maflers ftoop, 585 
And drown his Lands and Manors in a Soupe. 
Others import yet nobler Arts from France, 
Teach Kings to fiddle, and make Senates dance. 
Perhaps more high fome daring fon may foar. 
Strive to my Lift to add one Monarch more— 590 


more extraordinary, than to perfonate Running Footmen, Joc- 
keys, Stage Coachmen, &c. 

But if it be well confider'd, that whatever inclination ihey 
might have to do mifchief, her Tons are generally rendered 
harmlefs by their Inability ; and that it is the common efFedl of 
Dulnefs (even in her greatell elforts) to defeat her own defign ; 
the Poet I am perfuaded will be juftified, and it will be allovv'd 
that thefe worthy perfons, in their feveral ranks, do as much as 
can be expected from them. And we fee he was aware of this, 
by fxngling out one or two who aimed higher, but at the fame 
time tells us that their aims mull be unfuccefsful. 

Vrr. 580. Amchnes fubtle Ii?2e,'] This is one of the moft inge- 
nious employments affign'd, and therefore recommended only to 
Peers of Learning. Of weaving Stockings of the Webs of 
Spiders, fee the Phil, Tranfadl. 

Vkr. 588. Teach Kings to fiddle ?^ An ancient amufement of 
fovereign Princes, (viz.) Achilles, Alexander, Nero ; tho' de- 
fpis'd by Themillocles, who was a Republican. Make Se- 
nates dance ^ either after their Prince, or to Pontoife, or Siberia, 

Ver. 589 contains a wife advice to all firft Minivers, but ef- 
pecially to any unable one. 

Book IV. The D u n c i A d. 


But here, vain Icarus ! thy flight confine, 
Forbear 1 nor hope to make that Monarch thine : 
Blind with Ambition ! to think Princes things 

Made juft for thee, as all befide for Kings.- 

MoreAe had faid, butyawn'd. — All Nature nods : 
What Mortal can refill the Yawn of Gods ? 596 
Churches and Chappels inftantly it reached, 
(St. James's firft, for leaden G-lb--t preached) 
Then catch'd the Schools j the Hall fcarce kept awake; 
The Convocation gap'd, but could not fpeak : 600 


V« R . 596. W^jat Mortal ean rejiji the Tawn of Gods This 
verfe is truly Homerical, as is the conclufion of the Aflion, 
where the great Mother compofes all, in the fame manner as 
Minerva at the period of the Odyffey.— -It may indeed feem 
a very fmgular Epitafis of a Poem, to end as this does, with a 
Greai TanKU ; but we muft confider it as the Yanf:n of a God, 
and of powerful effcdls. Nor is it out of N^urc, moft long 
and grave counfels concluding in this very manner : Nor with- 
out Authority, the incomparable Spencer having ended one of 
the moll coniiderable of his works with a Roa^^ but then it is 
the Roar of a Lion^ the cffedts whereof are d^jfcribed as the 
Catailrophe of his Poem. 

VfiR. 597. Churches and Chappels, Sec,"] The Progrels of this 
Yawn is jadicious, natural, and worthy to be noted. Firft it 
feizeth the Churches and Chappels, then catcheth the Schools, 
where tho' the boys be unwilling to fleep, the Mailers arc not : 
Next Weflminfterhali, much more hard indeed to fubduc, ^and 
not totally put to filence even by the Goddefs : Then the Con- 
vocation, which tho' extrcamly dcfirous to fpeak, yet cannot : 
Even the Houfeof Commons, jullly called the S^fe of the Na- 
tion, is lofi (that is to fufpended) during the Vwn (far be it 
from our Author to fuggeil it could be loft any longer !) biit ic 
fpreadeth at large over all the reft of the Kingdom, to fuch a 
degree, that Paiinurus himfeif (tho* as incapable of fleeping as 
Jupiter) yet noddeth for a moment : the effeiSl of which, tho' 
ever fo momentary, could not but caufe fome Relaxation, for the 
time, in all publick affairs. 

The D U N c I A D . Book IV, 

Loft was the Nation's Senfe, nor could be found. 

While the long folemn Unifon went round ; 

Wide, and more wide, it fpread o'er all the realm 5 

Ev'n Paliriurus nodded at the Helm ; 

The Vapour mild o'er each Committee crept-, 605 

Unfinifli'd Treaties in each Office flept ; 

And Chief-lefs Armies doz'd out the Campaign ; 

And Navies yawn'd for Orders on the Main. 

O Mufe! relate (for you can tell alone. 
Wits have fhort Memories, and Dunces none) 610 
Relate, who fir ft, who laft refign'd to reft ? 
Whofe Heads ftie partly, whofe compleatly bleft ? 
What Charms could Fadion, what Ambition lull. 
The Venal quiet, and intrance the Dull ? 


Ver . 6o6,4o8.] Thefe Verfes were written nlatiy years agb, 
and may be found in the State-Poems ""of that time. So that 
Scriblerus is miftaken, or whoever elfe wrote the Argument 
pvefixt to this Book, where it is faid, the elFedls of the Yawn 
*' are not unfelt at this day.'; 

Ver. 610. PFzts haa;e port Memories. '] This feems to be the 
reafon why the Poets, whenever they give us a Catalogue, con- 
ftantly call for help on the Mules, 'who as the Daughters of 
Memory, are obliged not to forget any thing. 80 Homer, 
Iliad z. 

And Virgil> Mn. 7 

:Et me77nnifiis en'im Di^^er, & mernorare poujiis : 
■Ad nos ^Jix tenuifamce pcrlahitur uiira. 

But our Poet had yet another reafoji for putting this Taflc upon 
the Mufe; that all befidcs being a^ep, fhe only could relate 
what p^ifled. 

Book IV, The D u n c i a d. 51 

Till drown'd was Senfe, and Shame, and Right, and 
Wrong. — 

Oh fing, and huih the Nations with thy Song ! ' 
While the Great Mother bids Britannia fleep. 
And pours her Spirit o'er the Land and Deep. 

^ 1^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

« ^ ^ « ^ 4& 

De^ejl FINIS. 

Ve R. 6 1 8 . — o'er the Land and DeepJ] It was but neceffary for 
the Poet to fay this exprefsly, that Britain might not be fuppos'd 
to be in this condition alone, but in company with all other Na- 
tions of Europe. It had been a monftrous impropriety, in fuch a 
cafe, to have made any Nation keep awake, except France. But 
our Poet, tho' a Satyrift, is an utter enemy to all National Re- 
fle6lions. ' Scribl. 

It is impoffible to lament fufiiciently the lofs of the reft of this 
Poem, juft at the opening of fo fair a fcene as the Invocation 
feems to promife. It is to be hop'd however that the Poet com- 
i)leated it, and that it will not be loft to pofterity, if we may 
truftto a Hint giveil in one of his Satires. 

Puhlijh the prefent Agey hut wohere the 7ext, 
Is V ice too high^ refer've it for the next, 

NB. hi the Greek Rotations in general are fome Errata, occa- 
fmid hy the ahfence of Scriblerus, nvho only of all the Co?nmentaton 
nvas Mafter of that Language. 


Has the Solly bookplate. i 
2in QMTTHURST (B.) Britain's Glory, anof